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App Development

2019 Tech Rewind – 5 top trends of this year in the software development industry.

As a phenomenal decade is ending with 2019, the tech world is buzzing with the new electric cyber truck, wireless earpods, and camera packed phones. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning based solutions have spread into various domains, even in cloud computing models. With global coverage of 5G, we expect an IoT boom in the year 2020 which was missing this year. In this blog, we are exploring the technological milestones of 2019 in various streams of the software industry.

1. AI and Machine Learning as Cloud services

“As a rule of thumb, you can expect the transition of your enterprise company to machine learning will be about 100x harder than your transition to mobile” – data scientist Peter Skomoroch said this in twitter about Machine Learning & AI integration in businesses. This is the hard reality for many business owners and they were relieved by his observation. Changing the existing ways of connectivity and digitalization in organizations always requires a great amount of effort and money. 

To reap the benefits of automation, ML & AI-based tools are the need of the hour. AI Services from AWS add capabilities like image and video analysis, natural language processing, personalized recommendations, virtual assistants and forecasting to your applications, without deep expertise in Machine Learning. Aurora Machine Learning and Amazon Sage maker are the two new tools launched in 2019 by AWS to improve the availability of AI/ML tools for developers and organizations. Microsoft, Google, and Amazon are the major players in this space right now but we are expecting more open-source (inexpensive) options next year.

2. Serverless

Serverless is emerging into several large scale organizations in this year. These are cloud computing execution models, in which the cloud service provider acts as a server which dynamically manages the allocation of machine resources. Pricing is based on the actual amount of resources consumed by an application rather than on pre-purchased units of capacity. This saves a lot of money on hardware and resources, where the developers and organizations can directly control the allocation of resources. Titans like Amazon and Microsoft have jumped in with their serverless platforms – AWS Lambda & Azure. This is a space that we expect to grow exponentially in the coming years.

3. Progressive Web Apps

A Progressive Web App (PWA) is a web app that uses modern web capabilities to deliver an app-like experience to users. These apps meet certain requirements and are deployed to servers, accessible through URLs, and indexed by the search engines. Progressive Web Apps or PWAs are a healthy combination of traditional web apps and mobile apps. These apps are a common denominator between two vividly varying user experiences of native & hybrid apps, it is an amalgamation of their best features. 

PWAs were trending this year since they usually have that good-old native app aesthetic and reliable device connectivity, but they also have the high-end browser-based UX of a web application. Their swift development time and easy maintenance skyrocketed the demand for Progressive Web Apps and especially Ionic framework allows you to ship your app to not only the app store but also deploy to the mobile web as a PWA.

4. Low-Code/No-Code Development

The long office hours of writing complex lines of code into IDEs are becoming irrelevant with a huge shift towards Low-Code/No-Code Development this year. The rise in Low Code Development has made the drag-and-drop approach the norm. This approach follows the Lego methodology of development eliminating the need for manually writing code. All it takes to code with this approach, is the understanding of business logic and a few pre-built features embedded into low code platforms and any business user can come up with working snippets within a much shorter time than earlier. 

The Forrester named Microsoft Powerapps a leader in low code development platforms and other major players include DWKit, Appian and OutSystems. Microsoft Powerapps is a low-code development platform that can address the full spectrum of enterprise use cases for mobile, web, and core systems. OutSystems is another major low-code development. The Forrester prediction that the low code development market will be making over $10 billion worth of revenue in 2019 is an indicator of its impact. The minimized learning curve, low-to-no resource constraints and lesser time-to-market offer Low Code Development a permanent place in the top trends of 2019.

5. JavaScript Frameworks

JavaScript is the language of the web – it was initially used in the client-side but, now it is used on the server-side as well. JavaScript makes web development easier and smoother. The most preferred way of building web applications in 2019 has been using JavaScript frameworks. A JavaScript framework is an application framework written in JavaScript where the developers can manipulate the functions and use them as per their needs. The highlight of using JavaScript frameworks is its device responsiveness feature, which resulted in its indisputable popularity in 2019.

The most popular JS framework of this year is Angular which was followed by ReactJS, NodeJS, Vue JS and ExpressJS. React Native is one of the major cross-platform development frameworks to develop applications for Android, iOS, Web, and UWP by enabling developers to use React along with native platform capabilities. A new stable version of Google’s open-source UI tool kit Flutter was released this year, it is used to create natively compiled applications. We are expecting a stable release of Flutter web for cross-platform web app development in 2020, which would be a game changer.

Final Word

Most of the technologies that we discussed have a transformative attribute to it, it is important to consult with drivers of change in the tech industry to understand your position in the present scenario. By understanding how you could improve the functioning of your organization, irrespective of whether you are a startup or an enterprise, you are way ahead of your competitors with this knowledge. You can now use it to your advantage, as you know one thing in this world that’s constant is change itself and nothing is static when it comes to technology. While some organizations might hesitate in front of imminent change – the distinct trait of an industry leader would be that of embracing change.

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Perfomatix | Product Engineering Services Company